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Hannes Meyer as Pedagogue


Hannes Meyer as Pedagogue

Bauhaus Symposion. March 15th –17th, 2018, Kassel University

The symposium engages with the pedagogical concept and praxis of Hannes Meyer, which he developed and subsequently pursued as a teacher and director of the Bauhaus Dessau from 1927 to 1930. Hannes Meyer significantly altered and restructured the educational programme of the Bauhaus, established by Walter Gropius and the masters he appointed (1919 1927 / 28). Not only did he found the architecture department at the behest of Gropius and introduce scientific studies into the design process. In the lessons, he also successfully realised construction projects with the students (the Houses with Balcony Access, the Nolden House) and industrial production projects (the Kandem lamps and Bauhaus wallpapers with the Rasch Brothers & Co.). By appointing new teachers he founded the urban planning department (Hilberseimer) and the photography workshop (Peterhans) and introduced important new scientific fields into the teaching by means of guest lectures. The three-day symposium focuses on three subject areas:

 

1. Pedagogical concept

Day one of the symposium presents the pedagogics of Hannes Meyer in relation to the architectural education of the 1920s in general and the Bauhaus pedagogy of the Gropius era (Gropius / Moholy-Nagy), focusing on the conceptual underlying ideas. These find their continuation and further development through Meyers later activities in Mexico and through the praxis of the Ulm School of Design (HfG Ulm) from 1956. A particular focus will be placed on the practical aspect of the teaching and on the question of how Hannes Meyer put his pedagogical idea into spatial practice in his buildings for educational institutions (Mümliswil, Bernau).

 

2. (New) teachers at the Bauhaus under director Hannes Meyer

Hannes Meyer implemented his pedagogical concept not least through his programmatic selection of staff, which was often accompanied by structural changes. Thus, the metal, cabinet-making and wall painting workshops were merged to form the interior design workshop, a new photography workshop was established and an urban planning class introduced. A female master Gunta Stölzl was also appointed. Guest lecturers and numerous guest lectures enriched the curriculum and enhanced its programmatic character. Day two of the symposium introduces a selection of the teachers who were most important to the Hannes Meyer era and pinpoints their conceptual approaches, theoretical positions and design methodologies, in which the re-orientation of education at the Bauhaus is manifested introduces.

 

3. Bauhaus students of the Hannes Meyer era

Based on the teaching of architecture under Hannes Meyer, the focus is on tracing the effect of his pedagogy on the next generation of designers. Of relevance here is that owing to the political upheavals of the time, the students were active in a wide range of societal constellations, for instance in the Stalinist Soviet Union, in Germany under National Socialism and in the Cold War era, after the foundation of the State of Israel, in Western Europe or South America. The critical question is whether the influences of the Bauhaus under Meyer and others really had a significant co-determining effect on the positions of the Bauhaus students, and how these were appropriated, further developed and altered.
 
Timetable

15th March 2018  Pedagogical concept 

10:00: Philipp Oswalt: Welcome speech and introduction

 

Pedagogy in context

10:30: Dara Kiese: Holistic Education in Hannes Meyer’s Bauhaus: 1927– 1930*

11:00: Anthony Fontenot: The Battle over Bauhaus Design: Hannes Meyer versus László Moholy-Nagy *

11:30: Peter Bernhard: Meyers Program of visiting lecture

12:00: Julia Witt: Architecture or art of construction? The profile of architecture classes at the German art academies in the 1920s

12:30: Discussion (Moderation: Thomas Will)

 

Pedagogy after the bauhaus

14:30: Raquel Franklin: The Institute for Planning and Urbanism: Hannes Meyers failed attempt at education in the Mexican milieu*

15:00: Simone Hain: Traces of Meyer: The refounding of design education in East Germany after 1945

15:30: Gui Bonsiepe: Convergences / Divergences Hannes Meyer and the hfg ulm

16:00: Discussion (Moderation: Philipp Oswalt)

 

Pedagogical Practices

17:30: Anne Stengel: Baupraxis Teaching Building through Praxis: Planning and Construction of the Houses with Balcony Access 1929 / 1930

18:00: Andreas Vass: Childrens Home in Mümliswil / ADGB Trade Union School in Bernau Pedagogics in the Architecture of Hannes Meyers

18:30: Sibylle Hoiman: Hannes Meyer as a teacher at the Bauhaus the pupils perspective

19:00: Discussion (Moderation: Andreas Schwarting)

 

16th March 2018  (New) teachers at the Bauhaus under director Hannes Meyer

Architecture

09:30: Anna Stuhlpfarrer: Anton Brenner - Building for the subsitance level

10:00: Espen Johnsen: Inspiration, criticism and admiration. Edvard Heiberg, Bauhaus and Hannes Meyers re-orientation*

10:30: Werner Möller: Design for the Volkswohnung. The Bauhaus production under Hannes Meyer 1928 1930

11:00: Friederike Zimmermann: Humans in space The whole from a divergent point of view: Oskar Schlemmer and Hannes Meyer

11:30: Discussion (Moderation: Andreas Schwarting)

 

Workshops

13:30: Brenda Danilowitz: A New Direction: The Role of Josef Albers in the Bauhaus Workshops 1928 1930*

14:00: Ingrid Radewaldt: A woman as master Gunta Stölzl and the Bauhaus weaving mill

14:30: Rainer K. Wick: Walter Peterhans, his photo aesthetics and his photo lectures at the B.

15:00: Ute Brüning: Joost Schmidt: Pictural Statistics and advertising

16:00: Discussion (Werner Möller and Philipp Oswalt)

 

Urban Planning and Theory

17:00: Philipp Oswalt: Ludwig Hilberseimer (Urban Planning)

17:30: Gregory Grämiger: Agriculture and Settlements: The Doctrine of Konrad von Meyenburg at the Bauhaus

18:00: Martin Kipp: Labour psychologist and Labour pedagogue Johannes Riedel

18:30: Simone Hain: Karel Teige (guest speaker, theory)

19:00: Discussion (Moderation: Thomas Will)

 

 

17th March 2018 Bauhaus students of the Hannes Meyer era 

Socialist International

09:30: Tatiana Efrussi: Bauhaus experience not applicable*

10:00: Daniel Talesnik: Tibor Weiner: From the Soviet Union to South America*

10:30: Zvi Efrat: Sachlichkeit to Brutalism: Sharon Overplays Meyer in Israel*

11:00: Discussion (Moderation: Andreas Schwarting)

 

GDR

13:00: Norbert Korrek: Konrad Püschel University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Weimar

13:30: Folke Dietzsch: Reinhold Rossig From KPD to the Bauakademie in the GDR

14:00: Jens Uwe Fischer: Franz Ehrlich

14:30: Discussion (Moderation: Thomas Flierl)

 

Western Europe

16:00: Adina Seeger: Fritz Ertl Master builder in Auschwitz

16:30: Sebastian Holzhausen: Architecture as a social act. Hans Fischli‘s Childrens Village Pestalozzi in Trogen, 1946–1948

17:00: Hanneke Oosterhof: Lotte Stam-Beese: From Bauhaus to urban planning in Rotterdam*

17:30: Discussion (Moderation: Philipp Oswalt)

 

Today

19:00: Gregor Harbusch: Ludwig Leo a virtual pupil?

 

* This talks will be held in English

 

Speakers

 

Prof. Dr. Peter Bernhard (Uni Erlangen- Nürnberg)

Prof. em. Dr. h.c. Gui Bonsiepe (DesigntheoretikerGestalter, La Plata / Buenos Aires)

Ute Brüning (Designhistorikerin Berlin)

Brenda Danilowitz (Josef and Anni Albers Foundation, New Heaven)

Dr. Folke Dietzsch (Architekt, Ebeleben / Thüringen)

Prof. Dr. Zvi Efrat (Bezalel Academy Jerusalem)

Tatiana Efrussi (Universität Kassel)

Jens-Uwe Fischer (HfbK Hamburg)

Prof. PhD. Anthony Fontenot (Woodbury University, Los Angeles)

Prof. Dr. Raquel Franklin (Anahuac University, Mexico City)

Dr. Gregory Grämiger (ETH Zürich)

Prof. Dr. Simone Hain (Berlin)

Dr. Gregor Harbusch (Architektur- und Kunsthistoriker)

Dr. Sibylle Hoiman (Bauhausarchiv Berlin)

Sebastian Holzhausen (Architekt, Zürich)

Prof. Espen Johnsen (University of Oslo)

Vistiting Assisistant Prof. Dara Kiese (Parsons School of Design, Pratt Institute)

Prof em. Dr. Martin Kipp (Berufspädagoge Rosenfeld-Bickelsberg)

Dr. Norbert Korrek (Bauhaus-Universität Weimar)

Dr. Werner Möller (Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau)

Hanneke Oosterhof (TU Eindhoven)

Prof. Philipp Oswalt (Universität Kassel)

Prof. em. Ingrid Radewaldt (Designhistorikerin, Hamburg)

Mag. Adina Seeger (Kuratorin Jüdisches Museum Wien)

Mag. Kunstg., M.Sc. Anne Stengel (Universität Kassel)

Mag. Dr. Anna Stuhlpfarrer (freelance art historian and curator)

Assistant Prof. Phd. Daniel Talesnik (TU Munich)

Mag. Arch. Andreas Vass (Architekt, Wien)

Prof. i.R. Dr. phil. Rainer K. Wick (Bergische Universität Wuppertal)

M.A., Dipl.-Museol. (FH) Julia Witt (Berlin)

Dr. Friederike Zimmermann (Kunst & Kommunikation)

 

University Kassel, Neubau ASL, Raum 0106, Universitätsplatz 9, 34127 Kassel

Organizer:  Universität Kassel, Fachgebiet Architekturtheorie und Entwerfen, Prof. Philipp Oswalt

Admission fee: 50 € total, 20 per day. students free admission,

To particpate in the conference no pre-reigstration or booking necessary.


Sponsors: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Herman Henselmann Stiftung, Hessisches Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Kunst

 

Further and updated information about the event: www.uni-kassel.de/fb06/en/subject-areas/architecture/architectural-theory-and-design/veranstaltungen.html

 
SAH 2018 St Paul Conference

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