Friday, April 24, 7:00 - 9:00 p.m.
, 34 Codman Road, Lincoln, Mass. $10 Historic New England members, $15 non-members
Once acclaimed and then reviled, American architect Paul Rudolph (1918-97) had one of the most extraordinary careers in postwar Modern architecture. A student of Walter Gropius at Harvard, Rudolph was famous internationally in the 1950s and '60s for his innovative Florida beach houses, sensitive contextual buildings like the Jewett Art Center at Wellesley College, and large-scale, concrete buildings, such as his Government Service Center in downtown Boston. Author of the first monograph about Rudolph, Timothy M. Rohan of UMass Amherst explains the ideas that informed Rudolph's architecture by looking at his key works in light of the concerns of the postwar era and today. An optional tour of the nearby Gropius House follows the lecture. Space is limited. Registration is required. Please call 781-259-8098 for information. Purchase tickets now
Thursday, April 23, 4:30–6:30 p.m.
Columbus Auditorium, 280 S. Columbus Dr., Room 203
Douglas Pancoast is a graduate of the University of Kansas School of Architecture and Urban Design (BArch 1991) and Cranbrook Academy of Art (MFA Arch 1995). He has worked for firms including Richard Meier and Partners, 1100 Architect, BlackBox Studio at SOM, and agency.com. His work has been shown in the Chicago-based exhibitions Art in the Urban Garden, Mystique: Space, Technology, and Craft and Speculative Chicago; and in Scale at the Architectural League of New York and the National Building Museum, Washington, DC. His projects have been featured in Architectural Record, Architecture, A.P.+, and The Architectural Review, and in the book Young Architects: Scale.
Ingrid Burrington writes, makes maps, and tells jokes about power, politics, and the weird feelings people have about both. She is currently a fellow at the Data and Society Research Institute and a member of Deep Lab. Her writing has previously appeared inCreative Time Reports, TechPresident, and San Francisco Art Quarterly. She lives on a small island off the coast of America.
Iker Gil is an architect and director of MAS Studio, an architecture and urban design office in Chicago. He is also the editor in chief of the quarterly design journal MAS Context and the editor of the book Shanghai Transforming (ACTAR, 2008). He has taught at UIC and IIT and co-directs the Chicago Expander program. He is a PhD candidate from Escola Tecnica Superior d'Arquitectura de Barcelona (ETSAB), and holds a Master of Architecture from University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC).
Javier Arbona is a geographer researching the spatial legacies of militarization and violence. He is currently a Chancellor's Postdoctoral Fellow in the American Studies Program at the University of California, Davis. Arbona is working on a book manuscript titled "The City of Radical Memory: Spaces of World War II Home Front Repression and Resistance in the San Francisco Bay Area." In addition, Arbona is a founding member of the DEMILIT landscape arts collective. DEMILIT has produced works for the Headlands Center for the Arts, Deutschlandradio, the 2012 New City Reader at the Istanbul Design Biennial, and the Art Gallery at UC San Diego. Arbona holds architecture and urbanism degrees from Cornell University and MIT, and a PhD in geography from UC Berkeley.
Laura Forlano is an Assistant Professor of Design at the Institute of Design at IIT where she is Co-director of the Critical Futures Lab. From 2012–13, she was a Visiting Scholar in the Comparative Media Studies program at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research is focused on the intersection between emerging technologies, material practices and the future of cities. She is co-editor with Marcus Foth, Christine Satchell and Martin Gibbs of From Social Butterfly to Engaged Citizen: Urban Informatics, Social Media, Ubiquitous Computing, and Mobile Technology to Support Citizen Engagement, which was published by MIT Press in 2011. She received her Ph.D. in communications from Columbia University.
This lecture is presented with MAS Context and made possible by the William Bronson and Grayce Slovet Mitchell Lectureship.
All lectures and events are free and open to the public.
Van Evera Bailey was one of the architects who developed the Northwest Regional Style of architecture popularized in the Pacific Northwest, along with Pietro Belluschi, John Yeon and Saul Zaik. Born in Portland in 1903, Bailey apprenticed locally and then traveled the world working in New Zealand and Southern California before returning to Portland in 1936. in 1940, California architect Richard Neutra hired him as the local supervising architect for the Jan de Graaff house in Dunthorpe, a Portland suburb. The house, which included some of Bailey’s ideas, received national exposure and gave him his first big break.
Bailey’s modern homes include large windows and deep overhanges. He designed a new and beautiful type of stilt system to deal with the challenges of hillside construction.
Our program will provide insights on Bailey and the scope of his career, along with disucussions on interior design & preservation of Modern architecture and it all takes place in the beautiful Pietro Belluschi designed Central Lutheran Church. Featured speakers will include:
- Anthony Belluschi, FAIA, – Central Lutheran Church and its design and restoration;
- Becca Cavell, FAIA – Bailey’s Life and Work;
- Jack Bookwalter, freelance writer and architectural historian onBailey’s work in Pasadena and Palm Springs;
- 21st Century Interpretations of Modern Interiors
- Peggy Moretti, Executive Director of Restore Oregon on the Preservation of Mid-Century Buildings;
Those interested in personally experiencing Van Evera Bailey’s residential designs may want to participate in our Mid-Century Modern Home Tour the following day, featuring several Portland area homes by Van Evera Bailey, many of which have never been open to the public before. This is the first time such a collection of his residential work has been available for viewing.
Architecture is a perpetual conversation between the present and the past, knowing full well that the future is listening. So what happens when this dialogue is influenced by contemporary modes of communication such as texting, Twitter, and Instagram? Chatter happens: ideas are developed, produced, and presented as open-ended or fragmented conversations and cohere through the aggregation of materials. Chatter: Architecture Talks Back looks at the diverse contemporary methods and approaches wielded by five emerging architects: Bureau Spectacular, Erin Besler, Fake Industries Architectural Agonism, Formlessfinder, and John Szot Studio.
Using a range of representational methods and formats—from drawings done by hand to those enabled by robots, from graphic novels to digital simulations—these practitioners embrace both age-old and cutting-edge technologies to engage with the architectonic timeline. Jimenez Lai of Bureau Spectacular references architectural history to develop a “mash-up” of ideas through which he opens up and re-theorizes architecture. The process and mission of Formlessfinder depend on the same fetishizing of form undertaken by previous generations of architects, while Fake Industries relies on copies to re-present work through a critical lens. Erin Besler questions the immediate acceptance of new technologies and explores issues of drawing and translation in architecture, and John Szot Studio produces digital videos that simulate possibilities for architecture to draw on overlooked social contexts.
Today’s society has had a profound influence on the discipline of architecture, yet despite the utilization of current technologies, these contemporary works are not divorced from history. Chatter: Architecture Talks Back is about just that—having a dialogue, talking back to architecture of the past. Works from the Art Institute’s vast collection of architecture and design are presented alongside these five ultra-current practitioners to highlight this conversation. As these architects apply new technology to a confluence of historical influences and theories in order to conceive new designs and ideas, they are constantly expanding the dialogues within the legacy of their field. This dynamic installation makes readily apparent how each studio recognizes that the architectural past, though a shared language, is sometimes best understood with modern punctuation.
Support for this exhibition is provided by Celia and David Hilliard, the Butler-VanderLinden Family Fund for Architecture and Design, and the Architecture & Design Society.
Despite his significant contributions to the Chicago skyline and groundbreaking early hotel design for the Las Vegas Strip, Milton Schwartz remains an under-recognized figure from an important period in American architecture. The son of an engineer, Schwartz studied at the University of Illinois, where he was inspired to become an architect by the lectures of Frank Lloyd Wright. After a few years in the construction industry during World War II, Schwartz founded his own Chicago architectural practice and soon completed his first project—a visionary co-op building, 320 Oakdale, combining passive solar technology with a dynamic aesthetic of glass, aluminum, and modern brise-soleil. Schwartz went on to specialize in high-rise apartment buildings and designs for leisure and hospitality, most notably his iconic tower and restaurants for the Dunes Hotel in Las Vegas.
With their modern forms, advanced engineering, and innovative materials, Schwartz’s award-winning hotels and motels reflect the attitude of the automobile and jet ages. For his work in Las Vegas, he paired this vocabulary of concrete, metal, and glass with fantastic new environments integrating water, color, lighting, and scenography. Among the first large resorts of the modern Las Vegas, the Dunes Hotel became a symbol of midcentury American decadence in both popular culture and the iconoclastic architectural theory of the postmodern era. Together, Schwartz’s beautifully rendered drawings of towers, hotels, signage, and interiors present images not only of heroic midcentury construction, but of the expanded languages of modern architecture in America.
We are delighted to invite submissions for
Arts, Humanities, and Complex Networks
— 6th Leonardo satellite symposium at NetSci2015
taking place at the World Trade Center Zaragoza (WTCZ) in Spain,
on Tuesday, June 2, 2015.
For submission instructions please go to:
Deadline for submission: March 29, 2015.
Notifications of acceptance will be sent out by April 6, 2015.
For the sixth time, it is our pleasure to bring together pioneer work in the overlap of arts, humanities, network research, data science, and information design. The 2015 symposium will again follow our established recipe, leveraging interaction between those areas by means of keynotes, a number of contributions, and a high-profile panel discussion. In our call, we are looking for a diversity of research contributions revolving around networks in culture, networks in art, networks in the humanities, art about networks, and research in network visualization. Focusing on these five pillars that have crystallized out of our previous meetings, the 2015 symposium again strives to make further impact in the arts, humanities, and natural sciences. Running parallel to the NetSci2015 conference, the symposium provides a unique opportunity to mingle with leading researchers in complex network science, potentially sparking fruitful collaborations. As in previous years, selected papers will be published in print, both in a Special Section of Leonardo Journal and in a dedicated Leonardo eBook MIT-Press: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B007S0UA9Q
As in previous years, we will feature a high-profile keynote from the areas of cultural data science, network visualization, and/or network art.
The AHCN2015 organizers,
Maximilian Schich*, Roger Malina**, and Isabel Meirelles***
* Associate Professor, ATEC, The University of Texas at Dallas, USA
** Executive Editor at Leonardo Publications, France/USA
*** Professor, Professor, Faculty of Design, OCAD University, Toronto, Canada
The Noreen Stonor Drexel Cultural and Historic Preservation Program at Salve Regina University in Newport, Rhode Island will hold its annual conference Oct. 22-24, 2015. The conference will focus on the preservation and interpretation of pre-1820 buildings, objects, and sites in the Americas, particularly in the fields of architecture, archaeology, material culture, museum studies, and preservation planning/policy. As a key center of global trade, Newport occupied a principal place in the American landscape in the 17th and 18th centuries. Indeed, the social and economic relationships emanating from Newport spread out, linking Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans and shaping the histories of millions of people throughout the colonial and into the early national period. Today, the legacy of this shared American past is materialized in buildings, furnishings, curated objects, and archaeological sites. The preservation and interpretation of these treasured resources poses challenges, but also provides many opportunities to connect professionals and the public and to improve our understanding of the “forgotten” experiences of groups whose voices are keenly absent in current histories. This public conference will include presentations, tours, student lightning talks and networking opportunities. The conference is presented by Salve Regina University in partnership with the Newport Restoration Foundation. Information on the conference is available at: www.salve.edu/chp2015.
Registration Now Open for VAF Chicago 2015!
Please join us for the Vernacular Architecture Forum's 35th Annual Conference in Chicago from June 3 – 7, 2015.
Click Here for Registration
We will go “Out of the Loop” to explore new dimensions of Chicago’s built environment. Our tours will go to unexpected places, including the sprawling industrial Calumet region, the ethnic crossroads of Devon Avenue, and the community building efforts of the Dorchester Project.
Our special events will take place in remarkable but relatively unknown vernacular venues, including Salvage One, Jazz Showcase, Miller Bathouse, and Boni Vino.
For more, please visit the VAF Chicago 2015 website and subscribe to our Blog.
Over the years, Pittsburgh and its industries have played host to
several key photographic surveys. Beginning in 1907 as part of the
pioneering Pittsburgh Survey, documentary photographer Lewis Hine
recorded the complex relationship between the city's factories and its
citizens. Roughly forty years later, W. Eugene Smith made nearly twenty
thousand images of Pittsburgh, creating what he considered his finest
work. In keeping with the spirit of these important projects, this panel
seeks papers exploring the rich and complicated relationship between
photography and industry. Topics of exploration may reflect the broad
range of the subject, from the Industrial Revolution to the Information
Age. The panel welcomes papers examining not only art and documentary,
but also casual and vernacular photographic records of industry.
Session chairs: Emily Morgan, Iowa State University, and James Swensen,
Brigham Young University. Contact: email@example.com
What does it take to design a brand-new zoo habitat? More than just manpower and money, creating a new exhibit also involves intensive training for zookeepers who will care for the animals and time for educators to develop a suite of enriching programs. In the case of Regenstein Macaque Forest—the zoo’s new home for Japanese snow monkeys—it also means hiring a specialized scientist to study the behavior and cognition of the resident monkeys. Learn how this amazing exhibit took shape from concept to construction and beyond.
$17 ($14 for Lincoln Park Zoo members)
18 and older
Café at Wild Things
Cash bar on site, light hors d’oeuvres served
Register for Wine & Wildlife: Designing a Home for Snow Monkeys
For more information, please email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 312-742-2056.
Ivan Foletti, Masaryk University in Brno and University of Lausanne
- Centre for Cross-Disciplinary Research into Cultural Phenomena in Central European History: Image, Communication, Behaviour.
The conference aims to reflect on the ways in which collective liturgies – religious as well as civic and totalitarian – contributed to the construction of urbanism from late Antiquity to the twentieth century and, on the other hand, how urban topography and the layout of the city influenced collective performances.
The goal of such a reflection is to indicate how a collective ritual performance grows and develops in dialogue with the surrounding urban space. But especially how it participates in the determination of that same space.
The purpose of the conference is thus to explore the dialectic relationship between the city and collective rituals, beginning with Late Antique Rome, marked out by stationary liturgy, through medieval and modern cities designed to celebrate sovereigns and bishops, up to Stalinist Moscow, constructed to embrace the manifestations of Soviet power.
Participants are invited to reflect on such issues as: the methods used by the rituals to integrate the space of the cities; in what way collective performances are modified and adjusted to a specific urban situation; the manner in which urban space is reconstructed and modified to facilitate collective performances; how, with a change of regime, the new collective liturgies adapted themselves to the new situation.
Papers presenting a historiographical and diachronic art historical and methodological perspective are especially welcomed.
Paper proposals of no more than one page, accompanied by a short CV, can be submitted until 10 September 2015 to: email@example.com.
The Colonial Williamsburg Architectural Research Department in conjunction with the College of William and Mary’s National Institute of American History and Democracy offers a five-week course this summer that is open to all undergraduate and graduate students as well as those with a special interest in early American architecture and historic preservation. The field school is intended to introduce students to the methods used in the investigation and recording of historic buildings. They will learn how to read construction technology and stylistic details to determine the age of various features, use period terminology to describe buildings, take field notes and measurements, and produce CAD drawings, which are the fundamental skills necessary to produce Historic Structure Reports.
Following several introductory lectures on building technology and architectural features, students will study structures in the Historic Area of Williamsburg and visit buildings in the surrounding Tidewater region. During the fourth week, students will document farmsteads, churches, and other sites in Piedmont North Carolina in preparation for the Vernacular Architecture Forum’s Annual Conference to be held in Durham, N.C. in June 2016. Students will measure, record, and describe a variety of buildings that will be seen on the conference tours. During this time, they will be in residence in the region. Back in Williamsburg for the final week, they will convert their fieldwork into measured CAD drawings write reports on their sites.
Except for the fourth week, the class will meet four days a week, Monday through Thursday, from 10:00 to 4:30 at Bruton Heights School, the Colonial Williamsburg research campus. Students must be enrolled for the course through the College of William and Mary. For more information about the nature of the course, please email Carl Lounsbury at firstname.lastname@example.org or call (757) 220-7654. Registration information is available at the William and Mary website: http://www.wm.edu/as/niahd/summerfieldschool/index.php
Vitra Design Museum Gallery
When many countries in Central and Sub-Saharan Africa gained their independence in the 1960s, experimental and futuristic architecture became a principal means by which the young nations expressed their national identities. The exhibition in the Vitra Design Museum Gallery is one of the first presentations of this remarkable period of our more recent architectural history. This exhibition was researched and curated by architect and author Manuel Herz, with a substantial contribution by photographer Iwan Baan. The exhibition documents more than 50 buildings in countries such as Kenya, Côte d’Ivoire, Zambia, Ghana and Senegal, which mirror the forward-looking spirit that was dominant in these countries at the time. Mehr
Visionary architect and MacArthur Fellow Jeanne Gang is the founder and principal of Studio Gang Architects, a Chicago-based collective of architects, designers, and thinkers whose projects confront pressing contemporary issues. Driven by curiosity, intelligence, and radical creativity, Jeanne has produced some of today’s most innovative and award-winning architecture. The transformative potential of her work is exemplified by such recent projects as the Aqua Tower (named the 2009 Emporis Skyscraper of the Year), Northerly Island framework plan, Nature Boardwalk at Lincoln Park Zoo, and Columbia College Chicago’s Media Production Center.
Jeanne seeks to answer questions that lie locally (site, culture, people) and resound globally (density, climate, sustainability) through her architecture. Her designs are rooted in both architectural form and idea-driven content to make a compelling whole, and she often arrives at design solutions through investigations and collaborations across disciplines.
Jeanne’s work has been honored and exhibited widely, most notably at the International Venice Biennale, MoMA, the National Building Museum, and the Art Institute of Chicago. A distinguished graduate of the Harvard University Graduate School of Design, she has taught at Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and IIT, where her studios have focused on cities, ecologies, materials, and technologies. Reveal, her first volume on Studio Gang’s work and working process, was released in 2011 from Princeton Architectural Press.
Jeanne Gang’s lecture will serve as the kick off for the 2nd Annual Urban Development Now Symposium, which will focus on the changing economic and development landscape of cities, and the distinct role of the capital markets in realizing large-scale urban projects.
5pm reception at the UMMA Forum
The symposium will continue on Saturday, March 14 with panel conversations and a networking lunch.
Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest announces its 2015 Architectural
Restoration Field School. The intensive two week program will be held
from June 1-June 13. The program provides an overview of the philosophy,
process, and techniques for museum-quality architectural restoration and conservation. People from any background and discipline may qualify.
The program is limited to 10 participants each year. Application deadline:
April 17. Components include: the history of Thomas Jefferson and his
villa retreat; architectural investigation and documentation, and restoration techniques and materials. Behind-the-scenes visits to other museum properties are included. A key part of the program is investigating and documenting an historic structure and producing an historic structures report. More detailed information and a typical schedule can be found on the web site: http://www.poplarforest.org/programs/restoration-field-school or contact
Travis McDonald (434) 534-8123, email@example.com. Scholarships are available.
A dramatic transformation of Manhattan’s West Side is underway at Hudson Yards, the largest private real estate development in American history and the largest development in New York City since Rockefeller Center. New Yorkers, this is your chance to learn all about this 28-acre, emergent neighborhood wrapped by the final section of the High Line, and soon to feature new housing, office space, parkland, cultural and public spaces. Join our distinguished speakers as they discuss the thinking behind the Hudson Yards development process, and the questions that the mega project raises for the city’s future.
Jay Cross, President of Related Hudson Yards
Sarah Goldhagen, Architecture Critic
William Pedersen, FAIA, Founding Design Partner of Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates
Thomas Woltz, FASLA, Principal and owner of Nelson Byrd Woltz Landscape Architects
Suzanne Stephens (moderator), Deputy Editor of Architectural Record
Co-sponsored by the AIA New York Chapter | Center for Architecture and the ASLA-NY (New York Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects).
Free for Museum members; $12 students/seniors; $16 general public.
Though best known for brutalist structures like the Jewett Center and the University of Massachussets Dartmouth campus, architect Paul Rudolph (1918-1997) also designed some of New York’s most remarkable apartment interiors of the late twentieth century. Rudolph’s unconventional use of multiple levels, photomurals, and reflective surfaces elicited reactions of both delight and dismay. Drawing upon his new monograph The Architecture of Paul Rudolph, University of Massachusetts Professor Timothy M. Rohan will discuss the architect’s brutalist interiors, including Rudolph’s own Beekman Place residence, the townhouse of 1970s fashion designer Halston and numerous Fifth Avenue apartments. Donald Albrecht, our Curator of Architecture and Design, will join Dr. Rohan following his presentation for a conversation.
Book signing and reception to follow.
Co-sponsored by DOCOMOMO New York/Tri-State and the AIA New York Chapter | Center for Architecture. .
Free for Museum and DOCOMOMO members; $12 students/seniors; $16 general public.
A collaboration between archictecture professor Karen Van Lengen of the University of Virginia and artist James Welty, this immersive audiovisual installation combines the actual sounds of iconic New York interiors, such as Grand Central Terminal and the Seagram Building lobby, with visual animations projected on a panoramic screen. Grand Central Terminal’s soundscape, for example, features an oceanic-style animation with clangs, echoes, and quick crescendos of intensity, transporting the listener to the midst of the station’s daily bustle, and amplifying its status as a primary transportation portal to and from New York City. Visitors can also experience the soundscapes of Rockefeller Center, the New York Public Library Reading Room, and the Guggenheim Museum.
A Visionary of Modern Branding—for IBM and other Icons—Rand’s Work Reshaped American Design.
Everything is Design: The Work of Paul Rand features more than 150 advertisements, posters, corporate brochures, and books by this master of American design. It was Rand who most creatively brought European avant-garde art movements such as Cubism and Constructivism to graphic design in the United States. His philosophy, as expressed in his work and writings, including the recently republished 1947 Thoughts on Design, argued that visual language should integrate form and function. Born in Brooklyn in humble circumstances, Rand (1914-1996) launched his career in the 1930s with magazine cover design and, starting in the early 1940s, he worked as an art director on Madison Avenue, where he helped revolutionize the advertising profession.
He later served as design consultant to leading corporations like IBM, ABC, UPS, and Steve Jobs’s NeXT, for whom he conceived comprehensive visual communications systems, ranging from packaging to building signage, all grounded in recognizable logos, many of which are still in use today. Rand’s influence was extended by students he taught at Yale University. His visually stimulating, yet problem-solving, approach to graphic design attracted devoted admirers during his own lifetime and he remains influential today.
Exhibition co-chairs: Dana Arnett, Michael Bierut, Steven Heller, Curt Schreiber, Willy Wong, Keith Yamashita
CALL FOR PAPERS: EXCHANGES ABOUT DISCOVERY AND EXPLORATION
Terrae Incognitae 47.2 (2015), 48.1/2 (2016), and 49.1/2 (2017)
Columbus’s contemporary, Oviedo, credited the man for being the “first discoverer” of the Americas; Columbus had “found” “new” lands, cities, and peoples (Historia general de las Indias [Seville: Cromberger, 1535], fol. 1v). Las Casas later linked this attribution to his own criticism that Columbus “had made taxpayers of the Indians there” (Brevíssima relación [Seville: Trugillo, 1552], fol. 192r). The verbs associated with Columbus’s conduct evolved away from ones that either celebrated or affirmed Spanish possession of the New World to include ones like destroyed, devastated, exterminated, and ruined in the subsequent tomes authored by William Robertson, Abbé Raynal, and Washington Irving. By the twentieth century, important works by Tzvetan Todorov and José Rabasa—to name just two of deep field of scholars—prefer “invention” rather than “discovery,” “the other” rather than “the savage,” and so on. As this example demonstrates scholars writing in any period reconsider past historical events according to the paradigms of the age; the approach to and conclusions drawn from research into the history of discovery and exploration vary remarkably depending upon the timeframe and the socio-cultural perspective in which that scholarship is conducted.
Is contemporary scholarship moving away from an establishment of the facts concerning the European exploration of the world—how they traveled, where, and when, and what they encountered—and toward an interest in the variety of narratives and perspectives afforded by an entire world that at one point or another discovered other parts of itself? How do we navigate the realities and dystopias, ethnocentricities and lack of understandings, inherent to the act of discovery conducted by men such as Columbus upon whose narratives and the history books they have engendered we rely for our own research? Do we answer these specific challenges by identifying and asserting new voices as well as counter-perspectives? What new consciousness might we possess today that requires us to revisit past scholarship so that we can reap new knowledge from these historical contexts? And, finally, what is the state of our discipline today; how and why does it remain relevant?
Essays and position papers are invited for a special series devoted to reflecting upon the scholarship of discovery and exploration. Early- and late-career scholars, graduate students, collectors as well as members of our association are encouraged to prepare article-length contributions (4000-6000 words) that will be peer reviewed about the state of our discipline. Specific topics might also include examples of new directions, epistemological and theoretical approaches, and trends in scholarship. Proposals for innovative ways of answering this Call for Papers are also welcome.