Letter in Opposition to the Proposed Demolition of H. H. Richardson's Home and Office in Brookline, MA

by SAH News | Dec 24, 2020
25 Cottage St
25 Cottage Street. Image courtesy of Buildings of New England.

 

Update: On December 29, the Brookline Preservation Commission voted to postpone demolition for 18 months.

The SAH Heritage Conservation Committee has written the following letter to the Brookline Preservation Commission in opposition to the proposed demolition of 25 Cottage Street in Brookline, Massachusetts, the location of H.H. Richardson's home and office during his final years of practice.

View PDF version of the letter


22 December 2020


Ms. Valerie Birmingham
Preservation Planner
Brookline Preservation Commission
Brookline Town Hall
333 Washington Street
Brookline, MA 02445
vbirmingham@brooklinema.gov
617-730-2089

Ms. Tina McCarthy
Preservation Planner
Brookline Preservation Commission
Brookline Town Hall
333 Washington Street
Brookline, MA 02445
tmccarthy@brooklinema.gov
617-730-2612

Re: Opposition to the proposed demolition of 25 Cottage Street, Brookline, MA

 

Dear Ms. Birmingham and McCarthy:

The Society of Architectural Historians (SAH) expresses strong opposition to the proposed demolition of 25 Cottage Street, located in Brookline, MA, the location of H.H. Richardson’s home and office during his productive, final years of practice.

H.H. Richardson lived and worked at 25 Cottage Street from 1874 until his death in 1886, during which time he produced his most important work. Built ca. 1803, 25 Cottage Street is located near 99 Warren Street, where Frederick Law Olmsted established Fairsted, his residence and professional office, which has been justly recognized as a National Historic Landmark and a National Historic Site. The close relationship between these two extremely influential Americans cannot be underestimated and bears closely upon the significance of 25 Cottage Street. As Richardson’s biographer Marianna Griswold Van Rensselaer noted, Richardson “was constantly turning to Olmsted for advice, even in cases where it seems as though it should have little practical bearing upon his design.” It is our understanding that 25 Cottage St. has been purchased, and a demolition application filed to be heard at the Brookline Preservation Commission’s meeting on December 29, 2020.

H.H. Richardson, Louis Sullivan, and Frank Lloyd Wright are recognized as the three American architects whose works most significantly shaped the direction of late 19th- and 20th-century American architecture. Richardson’s works, such as the Marshall Field Wholesale Store (Chicago, 1885–87), had a transformative impact upon the careers of Sullivan and Wright. His public buildings, including Trinity Church (Boston, 1878–86), the Winn Memorial Library (Woburn, MA, 1876–79), and the Thomas Crane Public Library (Quincy, MA, 1880–82), were remarkable architectural essays in the adaptation of the Romanesque to an American vernacular. While best known for his public buildings and monuments, Richardson also designed a small number of influential residences, such as the William Watts Sherman House (Newport, RI, 1874–76), the F.L. Ames Gate Lodge (North Easton, MA, 1880–81), and the John J. Glessner House (Chicago, 1885–87). 

From 1874 until his death in 1886, Richardson not only lived in the house with his family, he used two rooms on the ground floor as his professional office and library. Richardson later constructed an attached drafting room, which has subsequently been demolished. After his death, his widow continued to rent the house until she was able to purchase it in 1891. 25 Cottage Street remained in the Richardson family’s ownership until 2000, when it was sold following the death of H. H. Richardson III. In subsequent years, there have been a series of efforts to secure the future of 25 Cottage Street and ensure its preservation, including efforts by the Committee to Save the H.H. Richardson House. In 2004 Preservation Massachusetts listed 25 Cottage Street on its Massachusetts Most Endangered Historic Resources List, Ten Most Endangered Historic Resources; in 2007 the National Trust for Historic Preservation listed it on their 11 Most Endangered Properties list.

The preservation of 25 Cottage Street is essential to an understanding of H.H. Richardson’s life and work, and is in itself a rare surviving example of this type of dwelling. The Society of Architectural Historians strongly opposes the demolition of 25 Cottage Street, and ask that the full 18-month demolition delay be imposed, that time used to seek alternatives that will result in the preservation of this landmark.

Sincerely,

Bryan Clark Green, Ph.D., LEED AP BD+C
Chair, Society of Architectural Historians Heritage Conservation Committee

cc: Mr. Kenneth Breisch, Ph.D.; Mr. Jeffrey Cody, Ph.D.; Mr. Anthony Cohn, AIA; Mr. David Fixler, FAIA; Ms. Priya Jain, AIA; Mr. Theodore H. Prudon, Ph.D., FAIA, Ms. Pauline Saliga; Ms. Deborah Slaton; Ms. Victoria Young, Ph.D.; Members, SAH Heritage Conservation Committee; Mr. Elton Elperin, Chair, Mr. Richard Panciera, Vice Chair, Mr. James Batchelor, Ms. Wendy Ecker, Mr. David Jack, Mr. Peter Kleiner, and Mr. David King, members, Brookline Preservation Commission; Mr. Dennis De Witt, SAH New England Chapter.




Founded in 1940, the Society of Architectural Historians is an international nonprofit membership organization that promotes the study, interpretation and conservation of architecture, design, landscapes and urbanism worldwide. SAH serves a network of local, national and international institutions and individuals who, by profession or interest, focus on the built environment and its role in shaping contemporary life. SAH promotes meaningful public engagement with the history of the built environment through advocacy efforts, print and online publications, and local, national and international programs.
Driehaus_SH_Horizontal_RGB_275_100

SAH thanks The Richard H. Driehaus Foundation
for its operating support.
Society of Architectural Historians
1365 N. Astor Street
Chicago, Illinois 60610
312.573.1365
Copyright - (c) 2019