This panel discussion explores the often-overlapping realms of architectural history and heritage conservation in Asia. It features four short talks by scholars in China and India whose research, teaching and practice are situated at the intersections of these disciplines, followed by brief commentaries from two scholars who have traced broader themes in architectural history and practice in these countries. The session concludes with a moderated discussion among the panelists and audience. Proposed as a dialogue that explores points of similarity and divergence, the roundtable poses questions such as: What is architectural history research in the context of Asia? Does or can it exist in isolation from conservation and design efforts? What are the major themes and contemporary issues confronting teachers and students alike? How, if so, has recent research interest in “global”, “non-western” and “postcolonial” readings of Asian architecture (often generated outside the region) impacted teaching and research in India and China? We believe this discussion is timely and facilitates communication between a global community of scholars engaged and interested in architectural studies in South and East Asia. The roundtable is supported by the SAH Women in Architecture Affiliate Group.